'''Élisée Reclus''' (; 15 March 1830 – 4 July 1905), also known as '''Jacques Élisée Reclus''', was a renowned French people|French geographer
, writer and anarchist
. He produced his 19-volume masterwork ''La Nouvelle Géographie universelle, la terre et les hommes'' ("Universal Geography"), over a period of nearly 20 years (1875–1894). In 1892 he was awarded the prestigious Gold Medal of the Société de Géographie|Paris Geographical Society
for this work, despite his having been banished from France because of his political activism.